Although you most likely won’t ever do it yourself, knowing how the process of asphalt paving works is still pretty cool. The asphalt industry is important to the American economy. Each year, Americans produce about $30 billion dollars of asphalt materials. The industry employs over 400,000 people, including those in the construction sector. Asphalt is a great paving option if you’re considering a new driveway or parking lot.
Asphalt Paving Experts
Asphalt is a conglomeration of aggregates, binders, and fillers. The aggregates are gravel, sand, crushed rock, and slags. The most common binder is bitumen. Bitumen holds the aggregates together. All the ingredients are measured, mixed and then baked together for the final asphalt product.
And the cool thing about asphalt is that it’s almost 100% recycled. Asphalt is safe as well as durable. Asphalt melts ice quicker than concrete. This makes the surface safe for walking in bad weather. Porous asphalt has tiny holes and qualifies for EPA best-practice paving. Water falling on porous asphalt goes through the asphalt into the ground. Asphalt repair is also easy.
New Installation Paving Process
Asphalt paving is several layers deep. It starts with demolishing and hauling away the existing surface. Several steps follow.
Grading the Surface
Before laying down asphalt, grading is first done. The contractor slopes the grading toward grassy areas. This keeps water from sitting on the surface of the finished asphalt.
After grading, a sub-base layer is put down first. This is the load bearing, supporting layer. Aggregate materials comprise the sub-base layer. More than half the layer is usually crushed stones.
Commonly made from bitumen, this layer is mixed with oil, making it durable and strong. After finishing the binder layer, a proof roll is put down. The proof layer detects any soft areas not strong enough for load bearing. If there are soft areas, workers dig down several feet. They replace the soft area with stronger aggregates.
When the sub-base layer is fixed and strong, the new asphalt is put down. Then the surface is rolled smoothly. This step also compacts the asphalt. Asphalt is ready for action as soon as it cools after rolling. Drying time varies based on the conditions. But wait at least 24 hours before driving on it. Don’t let cars on the surface too soon or you’ll need repairs before you’ve even used it!
As the sun oxidizes the oil in the binder, the asphalt turns from black to gray. Oxidation is important for releasing the extra oils in the binder. But stopping oxidation with curing is crucial. The asphalt needs curing after about 30 days for a commercial parking lot. Wait about 90 days for a residential driveway.
Asphalt Paving Experts
Asphalt paving is perfect for residential and commercial use. It’s safe and eco-conscious using 100% recyclable materials. The American paving industry is a backbone of the economy, producing over 400 million tons of pavement each year. If you need a new driveway or commercial parking lot, use asphalt paving. Find a licensed and insured paving company here.
Our masonry, concrete, hardscape, and paving experts serve all central and northern New Jersey including Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Passaic, and Union Counties. We specialize in custom design. Address 55 Terrill Road, Plainfield, NJ 07062. https://junsproservices.com
Contact us at 908-322-1533.